Due to the lack of accurate national data collection, the incidence of CKD in India is not clear but studies estimate that the number of new patients diagnosed with End Stage Kidney Disease (ESKD) who are started on dialysis or transplantation is over 100,000 per year.
This number grossly underestimates the true burden of kidney disease in our country given the inequality in access to health care between urban and rural populations, due to disparities in wealth and literacy.
Aside from these general population-based issues, there are unique medical and socio-economic challenges faced by women which are essential to understanding in order to improve their access to kidney care and therefore their overall health.
The most common causes of kidney disease in India in both men and women are Diabetes and Hypertension. However, there are certain conditions affecting the kidneys that occur with a greater incidence in women – for example, urinary tract infections that lead to infection and scarring of the kidneys and autoimmune diseases, Rheumatoid Arthritis and Systemic Lupus Erythematous.
Early detection and treatment of these conditions are essential for good kidney outcomes.
Chronic kidney disease can negatively impact a woman’s fertility and in some cases, the medication used to treat certain kidney diseases can have the same effect.
- 2,400,000deaths worldwide per year
- 1 in 10people is affected by kidney disease globally.