India has witnessed an alarming rise in the occurrence of heart disease, stroke, diabetes and cancers in the past 25 years,
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the major cause of mortality globally, as well as in India. They are caused by disorders of the heart and blood vessels, and includes coronary heart disease (heart attacks), cerebrovascular disease (stroke), raised blood pressure (hypertension), peripheral artery disease, rheumatic heart disease, congenital heart disease and heart failure.
Common modifiable risk factors namely physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, harmful effects of tobacco and alcohol and other habit forming substances have been identified. Controlling the common modifiable risk factors shall help in prevention and control of cardiovascular diseases.
- 28·1% of total deaths in India
- 1,790,000people die each year
- >75%of CVD deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.